Jindal Journal of Public Policy

The Jindal Journal of Public Policy (JJPP) is the flagship academic publication of the Jindal School of Government and Public Policy (JSGP). JJPP is one of the crucial arms of JSGP aspiring to publish and disseminate rigorous theoretical, applied and empirical research that augments our existing understanding of public policies and their impact. It welcomes original and unpublished essays from all social science disciplines and all shades of intellectual persuasions. All essays published in the Journal are subjected to rigorous peer review, based on initial editors’ screening and double-blind referring by independent experts.
 
The main areas covered by the Journal are as follows:
  • Theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of public policyc policy
  • Comparative study of public policy
  • Ethics and policy making
  • Democracy, citizenship, electoral politics and public policy
  • The interface between the state, multilateral bodies, private sector, and civil society affecting public policy
  • Public institutions, and models of governance
  • Law, economics and public policy
  • Science, technology, and sustainability
  • Human Development, capabilities and freedom
  • Diversity, equity, inclusion and public policy
  • Quantitative analysis and evaluation of development policies
  • Thematic review of literature

Disclaimer

The publisher and the editors cannot be held responsible for errors or any consequences arising from the use of information contained in this Journal. The views and opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect those of the publisher and the editors.

Volume 3 Issue 1 July 2017
 
 
The Jindal Journal of Public Policy (JJPP) is the flagship academic publication of the Jindal School of Government and Public Policy (JSGP). JJPP is one of the crucial arms of JSGP aspiring to publish and disseminate rigorous theoretical, applied and empirical research that augments our existing understanding of public policies and their impact. It welcomes original and unpublished essays from all social science disciplines and all shades of intellectual persuasions. All essays published in the Journal are subjected to rigorous peer review, based on initial editors’ screening and double-blind referring by independent experts.
 
 
 
Editors Foreword
The essays in this issue of the Jindal Journal of Public Policy published by the Jindal School of Government and Public Policy cover a wide range of empirical and theoretical public policy concerns in countries with different political regimes. Drawing on research from Asian and Latin American contexts, these essays engage with the themes of federalism in China, the role of international institutions in alleviating poverty, local government taxation reforms, and the position of women in conflict afflicted zone. The essays published in this issue are selected from papers presented at an international conference on “Federalisms and Localisms” and the public lectures organized by the Jindal School of Government and Public Policy.
 
Articles
Volume 2 Issue 1 September 2014
 
 
The Jindal Journal of Public Policy (JJPP) is the flagship academic publication of the Jindal School of Government and Public Policy (JSGP). JJPP is one of the crucial arms of JSGP aspiring to publish and disseminate rigorous theoretical, applied and empirical research that augments our existing understanding of public policies and their impact. It welcomes original and unpublished essays from all social science disciplines and all shades of intellectual persuasions. All essays published in the Journal are subjected to rigorous peer review, based on initial editors’ screening and double-blind referring by independent experts.
 
 
 
 
Editors Foreword
The essays in this issue of the Jindal Journal of Public Policy published by the Jindal School of Government and Public Policy cover a wide range of empirical and theoretical public policy concerns in countries with different political regimes. Drawing on research from Asian and Latin American contexts, these essays engage with the themes of federalism in China, the role of international institutions in alleviating poverty, local government taxation reforms, and the position of women in conflict afflicted zone. The essays published in this issue are selected from papers presented at an international conference on “Federalisms and Localisms” and the public lectures organized by the Jindal School of Government and Public Policy.
 
Articles

The essays in this issue of the Jindal Journal of Public Policy published by the Jindal School of Government and Public Policy cover a wide range of empirical and theoretical public policy concerns in countries with different political regimes. Drawing on research from Asian and Latin American contexts, these essays engage with the themes of federalism in China, the role of international institutions in alleviating poverty, local government taxation reforms, and the position of women in conflict afflicted zone. The essays published in this issue are selected from papers presented at an international conference on “Federalisms and Localisms” and the public lectures organized by the Jindal School of Government and Public Policy.

The opening essay by Michael Davis deliberates on the characteristics of Chinese federalism and the lessons that the country can learn from its neighbor – the large multinational state, India. Davis argues for a dual model – federalism for the Chinese mainland and confederation for the peripheral communities for maintaining the territorial integrity of the country. Public dissatisfaction over State policies nationwide and especially among ethnic groups, who occupy at least a third of Chinese territory pose a threat to maintaining territorial integrity of China. Although the country has thus far been able to keep their peripheral communities under control largely through the use of force, as succinctly argued by Davis, it would be difficult to adopt such a repressive posture. He concludes that a confederal arrangement for China’s peripheral communities would provide a reliable umbrella under which these communities could be brought together in the “state-nation” vision. The viability of such an arrangement hinges on the presence of a strong judiciary for third-party dispute resolution and for implementing confederal agreements.

The rule of law is critical to the vibrancy and stability of any democratic polity, which in the Indian context is enshrined in the Article 21 of the Indian Constitution. Public perception about the prevalence of law or its status affects the stability of governments. Although the ideal of rule of law is associated with modernity, in ancient societies as highlighted in the second essay by Moro, law was fundamental to their existence. The history of the Indian legal system dates back to 2700 years ago and was constituted of diverse sources of law and sophisticated interpretative tradition. However, very little is known about its functioning. He argues for blurring the disciplinary boundaries of legal education and policy studies to strengthen the pedagogy of legal training in India.

Achieving horizontal and vertical equity in tax regimes is a key challenge confronting policy makers worldwide. Poorer citizens in many contexts end up paying a higher proportion of their income in taxes as compared to their wealthier counterparts. Moving away from the Asian sub-continent, Aaron Schneider deliberates on this paradox of increased state revenues and the prevalence of vertical and horizontal inequity in taxation structure drawing on the Brazilian experience. After a concerted effort starting from the mid-nineties, the Brazilian government managed to reform its taxation policy and increase the tax revenues. Schneider traces the manner in which different social groups were incorporated in the reformed tax regime and the political moment that favored the reform agenda. A key factor favoring the reforms agenda was the support extended by a crosscoalition of popular sector and middle class groups to a high capacity tax regime. Whilst tax reforms enabled the Brazilian government to generate more revenue, it was not able to overcome the institutional legacies of previous patterns of incorporation. Consequently, as has been eloquently elaborated by Schneider, the economic and political elites are able to preserve elements of particularism and progressivity in the tax system.

Poverty and inequality, as Tilly argued has remained durable over the years, despite various forms of intervention by diverse range of international and national level institutions. The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) articulated by the United Nations is one among the long list of development agendas aimed at reducing poverty and inequality. By now, there is a consensus that the MDG though useful in drawing the attention of Governments to reduce poverty, will not be able to achieve its target. Exploring the development challenges confronting government in the post 2015 era, Naresh Singh argues the need for better governance and the importance of integrating human rights agenda and Sustainable Development Initiative. As underscored in his essay, a strong political mobilization of popular groups to pressurize leaders and policy makers is imperative to realize the goal of poverty reduction and sustainable development. The essay concludes with outlining an agenda for schools of public policy and government in terms of addressing inclusive development.

The essay by Suraj Kumar traces the trajectory and outcomes as well as their limitations or constraints of two major interventions viz., the State Human Development Reports (SHDRs) and the Development Policy Loans (DPL) promoted by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank in the Indian context. Both interventions focused on reforming governance mechanisms and thereby address issues of poverty and inequality. Arguing that the persistence of poverty in the Indian context is more due to internal inequality and poor implementation of policies, the essay points to the urgency of reforming internal distribution and implementation capacity of the State rather than relying on Overseas Development Aid and other concessional aid flows. Further, the essay underscores the importance of reform initiatives in India to move beyond the “prayer and petition” approach gain political leverage and engage with a much larger audience, including with crowds. In this light, it is critical to harness political will through institutions of parliamentary democracy in India. However, the pubic disenchantment with political processes complicates the introduction of reforms, especially, at a time when the youth are becoming demographically more significant but increasingly alienated from mainstream parliamentary politics. Sustained engagement with the Governments at the National and the Regional level is critical to harness political will for enacting governance reform in India.

Sukriti Chauhan draws our attention to the plight of women in conflict zones. Her essay attempts to archive the unheard voices of women in conflict zones. Despite our clamor of modernity, society and law continue to discriminate women and subordinate them to men. She argues that violence against women in such contexts tend to be dismissed as a natural consequence of war and often leading to immunity for those perpetrating crimes against women. Pointing to the multidimensional impact of violence on women in terms of physical and emotional suffering inflicted on the individual concerned, their families and community, Chauhan pleads for a reconceptualization of the paradigm of human rights.

Finally, the public policy concerns discussed in this issue demand not only a shift in the way we run our institutions, implement laws or policies, but as several authors have pointed out require new ways of thinking about who we are and what kind of a society we want to be. Disciplinary training and ways of thinking about policy issues have contributed to our disconnected approach to complex problems, ignoring their connectedness. Perhaps a small step forward is to move out of our disciplinary boundaries and begin to think and work in trans-disciplinary ways.


Bhuvaneswari Raman
, Associate Professor Jindal School of Government and Public Policy

C. Raj Kumar, Professor and Vice Chancellor O.P. Jindal Global University

Sudarshan Ramaswamy, Professor and Dean Jindal School of Government and Public Policy

Articles should range between 7000-8000 words, perspectives between 4000-6000 words, and notes/commentaries between 2000-3000 words. Manuscripts should be sent in electronic format (word document) and addressed to the Executive Editors at editors.jjpp@jgu.edu.in The Journal follows the style sheet used by Routledge India. The following style of citation is to be followed for citations in the References/Bibliography:

Book

Organski, A. F. K. and Jacek Kugler. 1980. The War Ledger. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Article in Edited Volume

Collier, David. 1991. ‘The Comparative Method: Two Decades of Change’, in Dankwart A. Rustow and Kenneth Paul Erickson (eds), Comparative Political Dynamics: Global Research Perspectives, pp. 7–31. New York: Harper Collins. 

Article in Journal

Maoz, Zeev. 1983. ‘Resolve, Capabilities, and the Outcome of Interstate Disputes, 1816–1976’, Journal of Conflict Resolution, 27(2): 195–229. 

Unpublished Dissertation, etc.

Kier, Elizabeth. 1992. ‘Changes in Conventional Military Doctrines: The Cultural Roots of Doctrinal Change’. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell University. 

Unpublished Paper

Kumar, Avinash. 2003. ‘Defining the Disciplines: Hindi History versus Hindi Literature, 1900–1940’. Paper presented at the Department of History, School of Oriental and African Studies, London, 11 March. 

Archival Reference

Bengal Political and Secret Department Files: various years beginning 1816. Asian and African Collections (formerly Oriental & India Office Collections), the British Library, London. 

Census & Reports

Census of India. Vol. 3: Madras and Coorg. Part 1: Report. 1951. (ed.) S. Venkateshwaran. Madras: Government of India Press. Hunter, W. W. 1885. Imperial Gazetteer of India. Vol. IV: Cochin to Ganuria. London: Trubner & Co.

Book Review/Review Essay

Wirtz, James. 1989. ‘Counterinsurgency Paradigms’, review of Deadly Paradigms: The Failure of U. S. Counterinsurgency Policy, by Michael Shafer, International Security, 14(1): 184–94. 

Article in Newspaper/Magazine

‘Aborting a Take-Off’. 1992. Sunday, July 19–25, pp. 14–15. (Add correspondent’s or writer’s name if available.) 

Reference to/from a Website

Asad, Talal. 2000. ‘What Do Human Rights Do? An Anthropological Enquiry’, Theory and Event 4(4), http://muse.jhu.edu/login?uri=/journals/theory_and_event/v004/4.4asad.html (accessed on 13 October 2011). 

NOTES: In the manuscript, they should be listed at the end of the chapter/article, as end noted and set in the same point-size as text matter (11 or 12 points) for copyediting purposes, although they will be eventually be set as endnotes.

“With its international, Asian, and Indian perspectives, the Jindal Journal of Public Policy is a very welcome addition to the ranks of serious public policy journals, and its first issue is chock-full of interesting, thoughtful, and informative articles.” 

Professor Henry E. Brady
Dean, Goldman School of Public Policy, and Class of 1941
Monroe Deutsch Professor of Political Science and Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley


“I would like to add my congratulations to the editorial team for launching this important addition to the public policy dialogues around the world. As evident in the inaugural issue, the forum provides a space for the voices from around the world to participate in the conversations about the changing nature of public policy. I look forward to ensuing issues of the Jindal Journal of Public Policy and to supporting the work of the Jindal School of Public Policy as it embarks on a new phase of helping to train leaders for the public good.” 

Professor Julian Chang
Executive Director, Rajawali Foundation Institute for Asia,
Ash Center for emocratic Governance and Innovation, Harvard Kennedy School


“In a world clogged with publications, there has been a space for a world class journal with respect for heterodox approaches to the complex and scaled eco-system of both formal and informal institutional interests in public policy and its practices. JJPP fills that space with its stimulating and exemplary first issue. Congratulations!” 

Professor Barbara Harriss-White
Emeritus Professor of Development Studies and Director,
South Asia Research Cluster, Wolfson College, University of Oxford, UK.


“It is clear from this first issue that this journal is an exciting venture which will cover the major questions at the frontiers of research on public policies with papers by internationally renowned scholars adopting a variety of alternative perspectives.” 

Professor Frances Stewart
Director of Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity (CRISE),
Department for International Development, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford, UK


“Just as public policy schools in the global south are to be welcomed, so are journals of public policy. The Jindal Journal of Public Policy promises to become an important such new journal. In its very first issue it has attracted important scholars to contribute substantial essays. It is my hope that the journal will continue to attract high quality, interdisciplinary essays that address pressing problems of public policy.” 

Professor Atul Kohli
David Bruce Professor of International Affairs &
Chief Editor, World Politics, Princeton University


“This inaugural issue augurs well for the future of the JJPP: high calibre authors, important questions, lucid analysis. A welcome addition to the scholarly conversation.” 

Professor Robert Jenkins
City University of New York

Copyright of the published articles, including abstracts, vests in the Jindal Journal of Public Policy. The objective is to ensure full copyright protection and to disseminate the articles, and the Journal, to the widest possible readership. Authors may of course use the article elsewhere after obtaining prior permission from the Executive Editor, Jindal Journal of Public Policy. Authors are themselves responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyright material from other sources